Community Development Association (CDA) is a highly secular, non-partisan-non-Government Development Organization (NGDO) established in the year 1985-1986 in North Western Part of Bangladesh CDA gradually has been shifted its strategic position from charity to a Right based Organization now facilitating among the poorest, landless and marginal farmers along with the plain land indigenous people (IP) including the differently able men, women & youth with a view to empower, ensure and secure access to land Rights from its inception. Initially, CDA entered voluntarily in the rural poor communities in the remotest villages in greater Dinajpur district the then and it was committed to organize the rural landless poor with the concept of Integrated Community Development Program (ICDP) and tried to unite them in several small groups at their doorsteps in several villages from 1985-86 to 1988 -89 in association with OXFAM-GB UK & CAFOD-APHD- Hong Kong.
Later, upon the practical experience gathered from the reality CDA initiated and facilitated the small groups to reorganize them and re-strengthen their capacity to institute a village based Federation of the landless poor connecting with the village context with a view to ensure access & utilize local resources within the village to promote the sustainable livelihood through implementing of Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP) for the period from 1989 to 1995-2004 and able to develop a people centered development model which was contributing to bring significant qualitative changes in the lives of rural poor and IPs in the Northern part of Bangladesh. CDA had a significant growing period for institutionalizing itself with an unique image of integrated approach assisted to obtain a very clear political strategy to innovate the socio-political development framework followed by the International human rights declarations leading towards the formulation of the National pro-poor policy(s) for the poverty reduction, empowerment of the rural poor, women rights, Land rights, Labour rights, Consumer’s rights ,Child rights as well as ecology and development, in relation with the National Constitutional option with the support from OXFAM-GB,NOVIB-The Netherlands, Swiss Development Cooperation(SDC) and Bread for the world-Germany. Consequently CDA itself has been inspired to design and determined its mission statement and formulated the shared vision as well as building up the unity of the landless, disempowered and the marginalized peasant’s e.g. ( among rural poor men, women, and the youth through building their self-help institution at the village level separately but, CDA has been playing the role of facilitating and assist to strengthen for identifying and addressing their poverty issues independently but collectively from the socio-economic, political ,cultural and ecological context. Considering such an effective mechanism to identify the local needs and demands CDA gathered more experience about the social transformation from such mobilization process by the organized people and in sighted to the alignment of this process with the ICESC rights and civil and political rights. Then CDA took the opportunity to include and apply the human rights approach in its development process and start facilitation towards the Peoples Initiative for Rights Assertion(PIRA) by the village based Federation.CDA determined, its role, specified its support activities and separated its identity from the village based institutions and re-positioned having a very strong staunch upon the human rights and facilitating the united poor people to strengthen their management capacity to deal with institutional process parallel to the political and Government Administrative tiers at the local level to make the local authorities accountable at the grass-root level and a solidarity-networking process constituted with the Civil Society Organizations moving forward to the Agrarian reforms to ensure the rights having access to the public land, water ,forest along with securing rights to the natural resources for sustainable livelihood. CDA has been facilitating its technical knowledge generation support among the united rural poor and its solidarity networks at the various human resource mobilization levels on the basis of gathered experience from the practice of the micro-institutions which is already established as a protection mechanism evidently. Also, such an effective mechanism has a role to ensure the People Centered Governance towards building an effective convergence tied-up over the poor, local CSOs and the local Government in taking the Local level decision collectively. So, Institution Building (IB) is a core program of CDA in the name of Peoples Organization is constructed with the village people parallel to the local Government Institutions are attainable an unique people centered pluralistic development efforts as a tool of sustainable intervention strategy inspiring to undertake the supportive role for achieving all sorts of demand driven issues for the rural landless poor especially for defending the ancestral land of ethnic minorities and Indigenous People against the grabbers throughout the plain land including the support to the differently able persons as well. Village Based Institution Building is not only the program of CDA it is also a Process in implementing or mobilizing any People Centered activities or reform/governance issues for social change and development meaning change the lifestyle, attitude and the behavior of the rural disadvantage communities by themselves getting information about their rights as a citizen from local, national and international sources through CDA as a facilitating organization with the support from Bread for the world (Bftw)-Germany and the moral and knowledge support from the different networking organizations e.g. National, Regional and the Global civil society organizations as well.
People Centered Development Strategy
· NGOAB, Registration number: 283 dated: 16/01/1989 bureau
· Department of District Social Welfare Registration number: 258/86, dated: 14/06/1986
An United Agrarian Society through People Centered Democracy and land Governance, which is socially just and free from all discriminations, Human Rights are established with Political stability, and Communities are economically productive with ecologically balanced Environment.
Building Institutions of the Rural disempowered landless poor, argil- Labor and the Marginal peasants including the Differently able, Old-age, Ethnic & Religious minorities and IPs to ensure and secure their access to and control over the public &Natural resources (Land, Water and Forest) with Gender equality.
q Reduce Hunger and Poverty
q Empower Economic, Socio-Political and Culturally.
q Capacity Building
q Promote Human Rights and Social Justice
q Protect Environmental de-gradation.
q Institution Building from the village level to the constituency level..
q Right to Land, water& forest.
q Health and Food Security
q Education & Culture.
q Environment, Ecology & Sustainable Land use.
q Human Resource Management.
q Gender & equality and women rights to land.
q Networking, Alliance Building & Policy Advocacy for Agrarian Reform.
q Bottom up Decision Making
q Human Rights(ESC HR & C & P HR)
q Learning by Doing
q Networking & linkages.
q Facilitate to Human Rights defenders (Activism).
q Advocacy and Communication.
q Integration with mass movement
q People Centered Land Governance
q Engagement in endogenous policy mobilization.
q Convergence building.
INVOLVEMENT OF CDA: National Level:
q The Federation of NGOs in Bangladesh (FNB)
q Association for Land Reform and Development (ALRD)
q CAMPE for Quality Education
q Credit and Development Forum (CDF)
q PHM Bangladesh for Right to Health
q People, Land and Agrarian Reform in Northern Ecological Territory (PLANET).
q Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ANGOC), The Philippines
q Asian Farmers Association (AFA), the Philippines
q Asian Health Institute (AHI), Japan.
q International Land Coalition (ILC), Rome
q FIAN, Germany
q World Rural Forum (WRF)
q World Forum for Access to Land
q International Year for Family Farming ( IYFF+10).
Networking & Alliance Building:
q In Order to ensure policy mobilization 16 nos. of local NGOs coordinated by CDA from the Northern Districts in two divisions Rajshahi & Rangpur having an alliance namely People, Land and Agrarian Reform in Northern Ecological Territory (PLAnet) facilitates as a vehicle to accelerate Peoples Centered Land Governance.
Root Causes of Poverty